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【政府报告满脸汗】 政府发展报告

时间:2021-10-13 21:55:34

  政府报告满脸汗

 2016年江苏省苏州市中考政治试卷及答案(word版)

 2016年苏州市初中毕业暨升学考试试卷

 思 想 品 德

 注意事项:

 1.本试卷分客观题和主观题两部分。共4大题,29小题,开卷考试。考试时间50分钟 ,满分50分。

 2.答题前,考生务必将由己的姓名、考点名称、考场号、座位号用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔填写在答题卡的相应位置上,井认真核对条形码上的准考号、姓名是否与本人的相符合;

 3.答选择题须用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,请用橡皮擦干净

 后,再选涂其他答案;答非选择题必须用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡上指定的位置上,不在答题区域内的答案一律无效,不得用其他笔答题;

 4.考生答题,必须答在答题卡上,答在试卷和草稿纸上无效。

 第1卷(客观题,共26分)

 一、单项选择:以下每题都有四个选项,其中只有一个是最符合题意的。每小题1分.共16分。

 1.2015年IO月20日,教育部印发《关于加强家庭教育工作的指导意见》,明确了家长在家庭 教育中______责任。

 A.一切 B.监护 C.部分D.主体

 2.2015年U月7日,中共中央总书记、国家主席习近平同台湾方面领导人______在新加坡会面,就推进两岸关系和平发展交换意见。这是1949年以来两岸领导人的首次会面。

 A.马英九B.蔡英文 C.朱立伦 D.洪秀柱

 3.北京时间2016年2月12日,______科学家宣布探测到来自遥远天体的引力波信号,100年前,爱因斯坦的广义相对论预言了引力波的存在。

 A.中国B.英国 C.日本 D.美国

 4.2016年3月22 日至25日,博鳌亚洲论坛第十五届年会在海南博鳌召开。今年年会几乎涵盖了时下所有“______”话题:新媒体、互联网金融,分享经济、人工智能等。

 A.转型升级 B.互联网经济 C. 新经济 D.新常态

 5.2016年4月15日,是我国首个全民_________教育日。

 A.消费者权益 B.国家安全 C.心理健康D.宪法

 6.低估自己消极无为并不是美德,而是一种罪恶。人们之所以不能发掘自身的巨大潜能,很大原因是因为缺乏__________

 A.自大 B.自理 C.自信 D.自卑

 7.苏州市人民政府通过官方网站向社会公布了2016年政府实事项目,其中投入超千万元、惠及全市86.2万名学生家庭的家庭教育课程项目引人注目。这主要体现了对未成年人的A.家庭保护 B.学校保护C.社会保护 D.司法保护

 8.教育部印发《中小学生守则(2015年修订)》删除了“敢于斗争”、“见义勇为”的要求.同时提醒青少年要“防溺水、不玩火.,会自护、懂自救”。这一变化的意义在于

 A.强调未成年人要依法进行自我保护

 B.有利于保障未成年人的生命健康权

 C.保障了未成年人的受教育权

 D.有利于未成年人正确认识和评价自己

 9.我国老龄人口目前越过2亿,到本世纪中期将会接近5亿;老龄化程度目前达到15.5%.到本世纪中期将接近35%。这些数据告诉我们

 A.采取积极措施应对老龄化问题迫在眉睫

 B.老年人口多是影响我国发展的首要问题

 C.要弘扬尊老孝老的中华民族的传统美德

 D.解决老龄化问题已成为我国的第一要务

 10.“一天不读书,根本看不出;一周不读书,出口就爆粗;一月不读书,智商输给猪”;“即使现在,你的对手还在不停地翻动书页”。这两句话体现的学习观有

 ①学习是人类的基本活动 ②学习能使自己得到发展

 ③要确立终身学习的观念 ④过重的学习压力才能赢

 A.①②③ B.①②④ C.①③④ D.②③④

 11.你若不想做,就找借口;你若想要做,会找方法。面对失利与困境,人们有截然不同的反应表明①人生难免会经历挫折

 ②挫折会影响人们的情绪

 ③挫折是一把双刃剑

 ④面对挫折,不同的态度会有不同的选择

 A.①②③ B.①②④ C.①③④D.②③④

 12.一棵树苗,孤植于荒郊,即便成活,不是枯萎就是变形;而在森林中,枝枝争抢雨露,棵棵争取阳光,根深叶茂,成为参天大树。这个管理学上的神灵效应揭示了

 ①团队合作是事业成功的基础 ②要竞争就不会有真正的合作

 ③人们在竞争中要学会合作④各种竞争归根到底是人的竞争

 A.①② B.①③ C.②④D.③④

 13.下列说法中,最符合右图漫画一寓意的是

 A.我们已经初步建立起全面的行政监督体系

 B.公民对于国家和社会的各项事务享有监督权

 C.必须完善制约和监督机制,让权力在阳光下运行

 D.新闻监督是公民行使监督权的有效和直接的手段 。

 14.下列关于“四个全面”(全面建成小康社会、全面深化改革,全

 面依法治国、全面从严治党)的说法,正确的是

 ①“四个全面”是党十八大以来形成的建设中国特色社会主义的总布局

 ②全面建成小康社会是我们的战略目标,另外三个全面是三大战略举措

 ③全面深化改革为全面建成小康社会提供了强大的精神动力和智力支持

 ④全面从严治党是实现全面小康社会目标和全面依法治国的根本保证

 A.①④ B.③④ C.②③ D.②④

 15. 2015年是“十二五”收官之年,某校同学用搜集到的我国“十二五”期间经济社会发展的相关数据制作了一张图表,其透露出的信息是

 A.单位GDP能耗逐年增加B.坚持贯彻落实科学发展观

 C.城乡居民收入比在扩大 D.经济发展是社会发展的基础

 16.“工匠精神”首次出现在2016年政府工作报告中。有网发评论:“有这样一群劳动者,他们的成功之路不是上名校,而是追求职业技术的完美和极致,成为某一领域不可或缺的人才和高级工匠”。这启示我们

 ①成才的关键在于自己的勤奋努力 ②各行各业都需要人才,都能出人才

 ③职业学校学生更需要工匠精神④读职业学校更加有利于成才

 A.①③B.①② C.②③ D.②④

 二、判断:判断以下各题的说法是否正确,正确的在答题卡上把“A”涂黑,错误的在答题卡上把“B”涂黑。每小题1分,共10分。

 17.羞耻心是一种强烈的心理反应,它能催人奋进,也可能丧失对自己信心。

 18.人与人之间在人格上有时是平等的,有时是不平等的。

 19.下图漫画二启示我们要正确理解父母的教育与监护,要体会父母的良苦用心。

 20.消费者为了维护好自身的合法权益,婴尽量到正规的商店购买,少去流动摊点。

 21.“自由、平等、公正、法治”,是社会主义核心价值观基本内容在国家层面的价值目标。

 22.做诚信的人应该说老实话,做老实事,所以就不应该保留隐私。

 23.民族区域自治制度,是我国的基本民族政策,也是我国的一项基本政治制度。

 24.当前,我国经济发展已进入新常态,从高速增长转为中低速增长,经济结构不断优化升级,需更加关注经济增长的质量与效益。

 25.解决民生问题的关键是健全社会保障制度。

 26. 2015年,第四次中国一中东欧国家领导人会晤,第53届世乒赛和国际能源变革论坛等重大国际活动

 相继在苏州市成功举办,表明合作与交流是当今时代的两大主题。

 第Ⅱ卷(主观题,共24分)

 三、简要回答:结合材料,运用所学知识简要回答问题。本大题共2小题,其中第27题7分,第,第28题7分.共14分。

 27.在某班主题为“弘扬社会正能量”的班会课上,有这样一个思辨环节;尽管好人是我们这个社会的主体,但文明古国、礼仪之邦竟也遭遇到诸如“老人倒地,你扶还是不扶”的尴尬纠结。为了让好人流汗流血不流泪,也为了让坏人不再任性与猖狂,近年来,我国各地相继出台实施了“好人法”。

 【家国情怀 上下求索】对此,有同学认为,只要加强法治建设,就能减少讹诈现象的发生。

 (1)请你运用关知识,对该同学的观点进行评析。(5分)

 【自强不息厚德载物】班主任在班会课总结发言中,对全班同学寄予厚望,提出的部分思考

 (2)请你对应班主任的思考或建议写出相应的课本观点。(2分)

 28.某校九(1)班学生开展了“学习屠呦呦,成长乐悠悠”活动,请你参与到此次活动之中。

 【呦呦鹿鸣 悠悠我心】 某同学点赞屠呦呦如下:屠呦呦说:“我是国家培养的,国家任命我为“523”项目中医研究院科研组长,是对我的信任与重用,国家需要我做什么,我就应该努力去做好。”屠呦呦作为一个科技工作者始终兢兢业业,她在经历了190次实验失败之后,仍然矢志不渝,忘我工作,直至成功,成为时代的楷模。

 (1)屠呦呦的人生轨迹完美演绎了权利与义务的关系,上述点赞是如何体现的?(4分)

 (友情提示:材料可适当归纳,尽可能简明)

 【呦呦科星 激荡我心】另有同学分享了如下材料:屠嘞嘞在利用现代医学方法研究效果不

 理想时,重新翻阅古代医学典籍寻找灵感,另辟蹊径。她指出:中医是宝库,但拿来就用还是不够的。如果死守着老祖宗的宝贝,固步自封,中药只能是“一筐草”,无法变成“一块宝”。屠呦呦既有中医学知识,也了解西医药理学和化学,她将东西方医学相结合,达到了一加一大于二的效果,屠呦呦的成功正是这种结合的完美体现。

 (2)认真阅读材料.简要回答屠呦呦为我们参与文化建没作了怎样的引领与示范?(3分)

 四、分析说明:结合材料,运用有关知识提取信息,分析问题并解决问题。本大题共1小题,共10分。

 29.【山水人文 和谐对歌】2016年4月18日至5月18日,第九届江苏省园艺博览会在苏州举行。本届园博会秉承“交流、示范、探索、创新”的办会宗旨,围绕“水墨江南、园林生活”会展主题,融合公园、田园和家园“三园合一”的规划理念,打造出一届山水·田园园博会、生态·科技园博会和人文·生活园博会,给人们带来了一场高大上的视觉盛宴、精神大餐。

 (1)苏州能成功举办园博会的根本原因是什么?(2分)请你从八年级《复兴中华》的角度,探究本次园.........

 博会会对苏州的发展带来哪些积极影响?(3分)

 【美丽园博 真情你我】小明周末去园博会游玩,发现个别游客破坏公共设施,乱停车及小商小贩随意 摆摊等问题。为此,小明想上前制止并向有关部门反映。妈妈却说:“这些事和你无关,不要多事。”

 (2)假如你是小明,你会运用哪些知识去劝说开导妈妈2(5分)

 篇二:军事理论课 超星尔雅考试 期末答案

 1《孙子兵法》的第一篇是()。1.0 分?A、记篇?B、作战篇?C、谋攻篇?D、形篇正确答案: A 我的答案:A2成吉思汗的军事思想的特点不包括()。1.0 分?A、突袭快速?B、大范围大规模的无后方骑兵征战?C、军民军政合一

 ?D、出奇制胜正确答案: D 我的答案:D3新概念武器发展至今已饶有成果,下列选项不属于新概念武器的是()。1.0 分?A、定向能武器?B、动能武器?C、核武器?D、基因武器正确答案: C 我的答案:C4美国为伊拉克战争所做的战前准备不包括()。1.0 分?A、重新划分防区?B、

 装备准备?C、展开战争动员与紧急备战行动?D、在联合国多次发表声明,争取更多的国际支持正确答案: D 我的答案:D5导弹的常规战斗部的分类不包括下列哪一项?()1.0 分?A、爆破型战斗部?B、破片型战斗部?C、聚能战斗部?D、核战斗部正确答案: D 我的答案:D6人民战争战略战术的基本方法是()。1.0 分

 ?A、保存自己,消灭敌人?B、不打无准备之仗、无把握之仗?C、慎重初战,实行有利决战?D、以消灭敌人有生力量为主要目标,集中优势兵力在运动中各个歼灭敌人正确答案: D 我的答案:D7关于军队指挥信息系统未来的发展趋势,下列选项错误的是()。1.0 分?A、技术向综合化、一体化、智能化方向发展?B、在应用上的发展强调的是适应能力?C、在配置上强调新的空间?D、在效能上强调精确打击范围正确答案: D 我的答案:D

 8战争的最终目的是()。1.0 分?A、领土扩张?B、维护主权?C、称霸世界?D、消灭战争正确答案: D 我的答案:D9中国的当务之急是强国,下列选项中说法错误的是()1.0 分?A、坚持稳定、改革和发展的战略不动摇?B、坚决反对腐败,关注民生,变国内维稳为周边维稳?C、坚持做好本职工作

 篇三:2015政府报告(中英文)

 姓名:杜晶晶

 学号:2012030206

 班级:外语系1202班 2015年政府工作报告

 各位代表:

 Fellow Deputies,

 现在,我代表国务院,向大会报告政府工作,请予审议,并请全国政协各位委员提出意见。

 On behalf of the State Council, I will now report to you on the work of the government for your deliberation and approval, and I invite comments on my report from the members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

 一、 2014 年工作回顾

 I. A Review of the Work in 2014

 过去一年,我国发展面临的国际国内环境复杂严峻。全球经济复苏艰难曲折,主要经济体走势分化。国内经济下行压力持续加大,多重困难和挑战相互交织。在以习近平同志为总书记的党中央坚强领导下,全国各族人民万众一心,克难攻坚,完成了全年经济社会发展主要目标任务,全面深化改革实现良好开局,全面推进依法治国开启新征程,全面建成小康社会又迈出坚实步伐。

 Over the past year, the international and domestic environments faced by China in its development have been complicated and challenging. The road to global economic recovery has been rough, with many ups and downs, and the performance of the major economies has been divergent Downward pressure on China's economy has continued to mount, and we have faced an array of interwoven difficulties and challenges.

 However, under the firm leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, all our people have worked together as one, surmounted difficulties, and accomplished the year's main targets for economic and social development, thereby ensuring that we got off to a good start in comprehensively deepening reform, embarked on a new journey to fully advance the law-based governance of China, and again made solid progress in our endeavor to finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

 一年来,我国经济社会发展总体平稳,稳中有进。“稳”的主要标志是,经济运行处于合理区间。

 During the past year, China has, overall, achieved a stable performance while at the same time securing progress in its economic and social development. The main indication of this stable performance is that the economy operated within an appropriate range.

 增速稳,国内生产总值达到 63. 6 万亿元,比上年增长 7.4%,在世界主要经济体中名列前茅。就业稳,城镇新增就业1322 万人,高于上年。价格稳,居民消费价格上涨 2%。“进”的总体特征是,发展的协调性和可持续性增强。经济结构有新的优化,粮食产量达到1. 21 万亿斤,消费对经济增长的贡献率上升3 个百分点,达到51. 2%,服务业增加值比重由 46.9%提高到 48.2% ,新产业、新

 业态、新商业模式不断涌现。中西部地区经济增速快于东部地区。发展质量有新的提升,一般公共预算收入增长 8.6%,研究与试验发展经费支出与国内生产总值之比超过 2%,能耗强度下降 4.8%,是近年来最大降幅。人民生活有新的改善,全国居民人均可支配收入实际增长 8%,快于经济增长;农村居民人均可支配收入实际增长 9.2%,快于城镇居民收入增长;农村贫困人口减少 1232万人;6600 多万农村人口饮水安全问题得到解决;出境旅游超过 1 亿人次。改革开放有新的突破,全面深化改革系列重点任务启动实施,本届政府减少 1/3 行政审批事项的目标提前实现。

 ■ The growth rate was steady China's GDP reached 63.6 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.4% over the previous year, making China one of the fastest-growing major economies in the world.

 ■ Employment remained robust, with 13.22 million new urban jobs created, which is higher than the figure for the previous year.

 ■ Prices were stable, with the CPI rising by 2%.

 ■ The underlying feature demonstrating progress is that our development is becoming better coordinated and more sustainable.

 ■ The economic structure was upgraded. Grain output reached 605 million metric tons; the contribution of consumption toward economic growth rose by three percentage points to 51.2%; the value added of the service sector increased from 46.9% to 48.2% of the GDP; and there was a constant stream of new industries, new types of business, and new business models. The central and western regions grew faster in economic terms than the eastern region.

 ■ The quality of development was raised. Revenue in the general public budgets grew by 8.6%. Research and development spending accounted for more than 2% of the GDP. Energy intensity was cut by 4.8%, the biggest reduction made in recent years.

 ■ People's lives were improved. Per capita disposable personal income increased by 8% in real terms nationwide, growing faster than the economy, and the per capita disposable income of rural residents grew by 9.2%), outpacing that of those living in urban areas. In rural areas, the number of people living in poverty was reduced by 12.32 million, and over 66 million more people gained access to safe drinking water. The number of outbound trips made by Chinese tourists exceeded 100 million.

 ■ New breakthroughs were made in reform and opening up. A series of key tasks for comprehensively deepening reform were launched, and the goal of the current administration to cut the number of items that require government review by one third was achieved ahead of schedule.

 这份成绩单的确来之不易,它凝聚着全国各族人民的心血和汗水,坚定了我们奋勇前行的决心和信心。

 These achievements have not come easily. They have been made possible by the painstaking efforts and hard work of all our people, and they have strengthened our resolve and confidence to keep pushing ahead.

 过去一年,困难和挑战比预想的大。我们迎难而上,主要做了以下工作。

 Over the past year, we have faced more difficulties and challenges than anticipated. We have risen to the challenge and accomplished the following in our work.

 一是在区间调控基础上实施定向调控,保持经济稳定增长。面对经济下行压力加大态势,我们保持战略定力,稳定宏观经济政策,没有采取短期强刺激措施,而是继续创新宏观调控思路和方式,实行定向调控,激活力、补短板、强实体。把握经济运行合理区间的上下限,抓住发展中的突出矛盾和结构性问题,定向施策,聚焦靶心,精准发力。向促改革要动力,向调结构要助力,向惠民生要潜力,既扩大市场需求,又增加有效供给,努力做到结构调优而不失速。

 First, on the basis of range-based macro regulation, m exercised targeted regulation to keep the economy growing steadily.

 In the face of mounting downward economic pressure, we maintained strategic focus and kept our macroeconomic policy unchanged. Instead of using short-term stimulus measures, we continued to develop new ideas and methods for macro regulation. We exercised targeted regulation, stimulated market activity, shored up our weak spots, and boosted the real economy. With a keen understanding of the appropriate range within which the economy needs to be operating, we adopted targeted steps to address the serious issues and structural problems hindering development. We promoted reform to gain impetus for development, made structural adjustments to produce support for development, and improved living standards to increase the potential for development. We both expanded market demand and increased effective supply, working to ensure that structural adjustments were made without compromising the growth rate.

 有效实施积极的财政政策和稳健的货币政策。实行定向减税和普遍性降费,拓宽小微企业税收优惠政策范围,扩大营改增试点。加快财政支出进度,积极盘活存量资金。灵活运用货币政策工具,采取定向降准、定向再贷款、非对称降息等措施,加大对经济社会发展薄弱环节的支持力度,小微企业、三农贷款增速比各项贷款平均增速分别高 4.2 和 O. 7 个百分点。同时,完善金融监管,坚决守住不发生区域性系统性风险的底线。

 We have been effectively implementing proactive fiscal policy and prudent monetary policy. We increased targeted tax reductions, reduced fees across the board, extended the coverage of tax relief policies to benefit more small and micro businesses, and expanded the trials to replace business tax with VAT to cover more industries. We sped up the process of making budgetary funds available for fiscal expenditures and put surplus budgetary funds to good use. By flexibly utilizing monetary policy instruments, making targeted cuts to required reserve ratios, carrying out targeted re-lending, and making asymmetric interest rate cuts, we stepped up support for weaker areas in economic and social development. Increases in loans made to small and micro businesses, and loans for agriculture, rural areas, and farmers, outdid the average increase in loans overall by 4.2 and 0.7 percentage points respectively. At the same time, regulation of the financial sector was improved and regional and systemic risks were forestalled.

 二是深化改革开放,激发经济社会发展活力。针对束缚发展的体制机制障碍,我们通过全面深化改革,以释放市场活力对冲经济下行压力,啃了不少硬骨头,经济、政治、文化、社会、生态文明等体制改革全面推进。

 Second we deepened reform and opening up and invigorated economic and social development.

 To address obstructions holding back development caused by certain systems and mechanisms, we comprehensively deepened reform, invigorating the market to offset downward economic pressure. We tackled many tough issues and carried out structural reforms in the economic, political, cultural, societal, and ecological sectors.

 扎实推动重点改革。制定并实施深化财税体制改革总体方案,预算管理制度和税制改革取得重要进展,专项转移支付项目比上年减少 1/3 以上,一般性转移支付比重增加,地方政府性债务管理得到加强。存款利率和汇率浮动区间扩大,民营银行试点迈出新步伐,“沪港通”试点启动,外汇储备、保险资金运用范围拓展。能源、交通、环保、通信等领域价格改革加快。启动科技资金管理、考试招生、户籍、机关事业单位养老保险制度等改革。

 We have made solid progress in key reforms. We formulated and implemented a coordinated plan for deepening the reform of the fiscal and tax: systems. Important progress was made in the reform of the budgetary management and tax systems. The number of items receiving special transfer payments was over one third less than that of the previous year, and the proportion of transfer payments for general purposes was increased. Management of local government debt was strengthened. The floating ranges of interest rates on deposits and exchange rates were expanded. New steps were taken in the trials to establish private banks. The Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect was launched on a trial basis. The scope for using foreign exchange reserves and insurance funds was broadened. Price reforms in energy, transport, environmental protection, and communications were accelerated. We launched reforms to the system for managing research and development funding, the school examination and eollment systems, the household registration system, and the pension system for employees of Party and government offices and public institutions.

 继续把简政放权、放管结合作为改革的重头戏。国务院各部门全年取消和下放 246 项行政审批事项,取消评比达标表彰项目29 项、职业资格许可和认定事项 149 项,再次修订投资项目核准目录,大幅缩减核准范围。着力改革商事制度,新登记注册市场主体达到 1293 万户,其中新登记注册企业增长 45. 9 % 形成新的创业热潮。经济增速放缓,新增就业不降反增,显示了改革的巨大威力和市场的无限潜力。

 We have continued to give the central stage in reform to streamlining administration arid delegating more powers to lower-level governments and to society in general while improving regulation. Over the course of the year, departments under the State Council cancelled the requirement of or delegated the power for review on 246 items. We cancelled 29 performance evaluations, inspections on the meeting of standards, and commendations, and 149 verifications and approvals of vocational qualifications. We again revised and significantly shortened the list of investment projects requiring

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